French Canadian Vegetarian Tourtière

My Personal Column in Text-Only: February 1st, 2013

I don't know about you, but I grew up with parents who were firm believers in the hearty strength of roast beef, bacon and fish dinners. The two lovebirds were also naturalists who loved nature, As a small child, I was allowed to enjoy village life in a rural hamlet of Great Britain (a hamlet is a village populated by less than 500 inhabitants). Almost every weekend, my Mummy and Daddy drove us to the forests, lakes, beaches and rural farms. We children delighted in stopping by a small farm pond, for example.

As often as possible, we would take bags of bread and would enjoy feeding the little darlings, who were especially memorable during the spring; behind each mother duck a fluffy trail of exquisite ducklings quibbled excitedly, aware that other youngsters were adoring them from afar.

Springtime in Great Britain- not a year went by without a ritual visit to the "sticky bud" farm place, where a huge set of Horse Chestnuts leafed from sticky, brown new buds, producing hundreds of glorious cones of white flowers on stately, umbrella shaped trees.

Under these sticky buds, we knew we would witness them, the gamboling and darting of brand new lambies, who tugged milk from Mother Sheep, whose fluffy white wool appeared in the sunshine to be as exquisite as any angels' wings. How we two sisters loved the sticky bud farm, and its gentle, wooly inhabitants!

Path Moments on Sticky Bud Farm

One of those spring days (and I was eight years old at the time) my logical processes took over where trust and acceptance had guided my experience with Mum and the good food she prepared for us. "Mum", I remember asking very nervously..."are these little lambs used for the lamb roast?"

When my parents answered that this was the case, I was horrified.

I decided that I did not want to eat meat, because I loved lambs so much. I had been taught to love and appreciate all of Gods' creatures, and this teaching was not just for my parents' obvious heart for the natural kingdom, no, our schoolteachers taught that a reverence for nature had to guide our actions on earth.

As well, hymns in church (like "All Things Bright and Beautiful") or the sermons all pointed toward a genteel, utopian existence that begged earthlings to shed no blood, wield no weapons and to cherish the brilliancy and overwhelming beauty of planet earth.

My Mom could only think of boiled or fried eggs to replace the protein I refused to consume, and in a year, I had grown unfond of egg to the point where the tempting smell of bacon appealed to my senses. I began to eat meat products again, although I would not eat lamb.

Meat "Subs"

As a young adult I had discovered tofu, brown rice and alternative lifestyle. Around the age of twenty I switched to vegetarian cooking. Nuts, egg and milk products with good servings of whole grain took the place of greasy meats. I did not miss these meats, or want them at all. I have kept a vegetarian diet for most of forty years now.

In the old days, Doctors urged us to include some aspect of meat in the diet. They said we were missing certain essential vitamins and minerals. People whose hearts and minds were cosmically bound to utopian ethos, though, began to fill that gap with vitamins like Q10 as well as well-tailored soya products.

These days I regularly consume textured soya products because I also want spicy slices in my sandwiches for lunch. A good salami that is made entirely from vegan sources takes the place of bad cuts of preserved meat and old animal fat.

I love this salami - of all the textured soya products this, and some veggie breakfast links (sausages) exactly replicate the taste and texture of the meat products I had been used to as a teenager. There is no hideous fat. In fact, soya products like these give you double the protein of meat per serving, and soya lecithin actually breaks down bad cholesterol in your system.

I feel no guilt and I am giving my body adequate nutrition. I have been on a low cholesterol diet since age 28, so this zero cholesterol textured protein is a wonderful piece of news. My body has well to do musculature, and no Doctor currently quibbles on about including meat.


I have always moaned away about the lack of imagination (or courtesy) shown toward vegetarians or vegans by chefs of various restaurants.

I don't know anyone who can wax enthusiastic about chinese vegetables year after year.
After a while it isn't a treat, and too many of the Chinese chefs add too many harsh and large stalks of broccoli to their stir fried veggies.

I prefer my own stir fried vegetables from home, unless there is expensive Szechuan (northern Chinese) cuisine in front of me.
Anyway, I do get bored and I wish there were 10 developed vegan or vegetarian dishes available on every menu, rather than the usual: blah salad choices, macaroni, omelette or vegetable soup. I once spent the bulk of my visit to a steak house writing down 25 vegetarian dish ideas on their paper tablecloth, because I felt that so many visitors to Canada or immigrants have been dishonoured and frightened by the emphasis on meat in the commercial food world. There are, of course, people who are vegans for holy religious purposes. 'Meatless Friday' is traditonally a meatless day for economic (or religious) purpose, and has been since World War Two.

Click here to link to vintage U.S. government wartime Meatless sign image

You see, I miss those family dinners that allowed for flavour, texture and economy - the pies, tarts, turnovers or rissoles of my early youth. Every winter, some dinner would include tourtière and baked beans, with fried slices of leftover roast potatos from the big dinner from the day before, perhaps. This year, my husband kept buying quite reasonable meat tourtieres (under four dollars!) and I got jealous. Yes, jealous!!
I realized that I wanted nice little slices of pie with veggies just like his. Why hadn't I thought of this before? I had used veggie soya "ground round" for sphagetti sauce, shepherds' pie or chili for 15 years or more, but I had never thought I could go ahead and make a veggie tourtière. My reason for ignoring the possibility was simple. I had once had Quebec vegetarian tourtière from an alternative bakery in Aylmer, Quebec. Thinking that I could never duplicate the amazing taste of a pastry chefs' secret recipes, I had just never tried to make a vegetarian tourtière.

Quebec, or French Canadian Tourtière

A Quebec tourtière is sometimes made with several ground meats, and has very little spice in it. Mainly, the meats are savoury and comfortably baked into a great and thrilling shorted crust. Mmmm!!! When I had enjoyed the vegetarian version I had read on the product description that this was a combination of something with millet. I decided to try it.

I cooked a small amount of millet (lush in itself as a dish) and in the meantime, sautéed half a package of vegetarian ground round (textured like minced beef) in a small amount of oil. For my first try I whizzed an onion in a blender, and gently sauteed the puree along with the ground round. After adding the onion, the millet was folded into the cooking filling. To this I added thyme, kosher salt and black pepper, plus about a cup and a half of hot water with two tablespoons of a wonderful vegetarian bouillon (made by spice epicure). This particular bouillon is flavoured with (believe it or not) apricots, and I felt the fruit was a tremendously wholesome addition. Apricots help to protect you from cancer, especially lung cancer.

I sautéed my ingredients for a good twenty minutes, until the moisture was almost wholly absorbed. I had made a pie crust recipe to which I added an egg yolk. Really, my hard pastry recipe would not do for a luxurious Quebec tourtière!!

Baking time is similar to any recipe for pastry crust. Ten minutes on 425, bake 10 to twenty minutes thereafter on 350 degrees.

My result was so good that even my husband (a confirmed meat potato and pizza maniac) did not notice the diffrence when he ate one of my vegetarian pies by mistake. Now that's success!

I have since used several variations on the theme for tourtière. One particularly good idea was to add two splashed of Allens' 11 vegetable juice to the sautéeing mixture. It was very rich and tasty, also more reminiscent of the famous Quebec tourtière taste.

When I started this article, I knew that some people would be turned off by the egg in my pastry recipe. I only eat about two eggs per month, but some hold that I am torturing chickens in cages. I buy free range brown chicken eggs, but no- it is killing potential fluffy baby chickens, in their opinion. So, I researched the net for a vegan egg substitute. Many postings showed that a lot of people wanted texture, colour, taste and similar qualities for baking. Amongst the qualities mention was made of fluffiness in baked products.

Link to Vegan Egg Sub Ideas, below:

Egg Subs, Vegan

Vegan Crunk
The Vegg
Ultimate vegan egg yolk
Vegan Essentials

To date, I have not tried these subs, but I will. Until then, if you use egg subs the pastry for a tourtière is better with something to make it seem more like shortbread. It should crisp but melt in your mouth,along with the moist, deeply delicious combination of soya mince and millet. Careful, you might end up eating too much pie! It really is a luxury and I hope that you will enjoy not just the taste but the economy of creating on eof these. From less than five dollars worth of ingredients you will enjoy many servings, amounting to 8 entrées for less than a dollar. This is unbeatably a good idea for vegan or vegetarian cuisine.

Vegetarian Quebec Tourtière



2/3 cup organic millet
1/2 package Yves Veggie Ground Round
one onion, medium
3 tbsp virgin olive oil or canola oil
kosher salt
black pepper to taste
1 1/2 cups spring water
2-3 tbsp Spice Epicure vegetarian bouillon (or two squares organic veg bouillon)


1 2/3 cups organic unbleached white flour
1 egg yolk (or equivalent measure of egg sub)
1/2 inch (that is, half a cup) of golden crisco or butter

To prepare pastry:

Into a medium mixing bowl drop an inch (1/2 cup) of golden crisco or butter. With a pastry cutter, chop flour, salt and shortening together until this reaches the consistency of oatmeal- sized particles. Whisk one egg yolk in a measuring cup with 1/3 cup spring water, and carefully add this liquid to the pastry mixture. This should leave you with a small amount of egg and water. Brush the egg/water combination on top of the pie crust when it is lidded. This makes a very golden pastry.

To prepare Filling:

Place 2/3 cup millet in a small saucepan. Add three tablespoons non-hydrogenated margarine or butter and sautée while stirring often, until the millet begins to brown. At this point add water to cover and bring to a boil briefly.At this point, lid the saucepan and reduce cooking heat to minimum. The millet will steam to perfection in about 15 minutes.

Filling Prep:

To oil heated on medium low in a pan, add half a package of ground round plus thyme, cooked millet and onion. Sautée this for five minutes, then add water and bouillon. Sautée some more for 20 minutes, or until only 1/4 cup of liquid remains in the frying pan. In the meantime, you will have made your pie pastry. Turn the filling into the prepared pastry liner,and lid this with thinly rolled pastry, making sure to tuck bottom and top lining together firmly. You will need to preserve the moisture in the filling.

Place pie into oven set at 425 degrees fahrenheit and bake until the edge is golden brown (about ten minutes) At this point, reduce the ovens' heat to 350 degrees and continue to bake another 15 to 20 minutes, or until the whole pie is golden brown on top.


Instead of vegetarian bouillon use two good dashes of Allens or V8 vegetable juice when you are sautéeing the filling. This deepens and enhances the juicy flavour of the pie filling. You can use gravy maker, Oxo, or vegetarian "beef" flavour bouillon to experiment with different depths of flavouring. Onion need not be puréed in the blender. You can just sautee finely chopped onion for the same pleasant taste. If you want to deepen the taste, try heating water and bouillon with herbs on a low setting for 15 minutes first, then adding this to the ground round, millet and onion. After the pie is cooled you can spread a paper doily on top of its crust, and gently dust icing sugar into a fine lace pattern (if you want to get fancy)

Recipe examples for traditional Quebec or French Canadian tourtière.

Of course, the traditional herb blend for Quebec tourtière is:

1 cup finely chopped onion
1/2 cup finely chopped celery
1 teaspoon ground black pepper
2 bay leafs
1 teaspoon dried savory
1/2 teaspoon dried rosemary
1/2 teaspoon grated nutmeg
1/2 teaspoon cinnamon

From a recipe for Quebec pork tourtière


1 onion, chopped
1 Tablespoon unsalted butter
1 stalk celery, chopped
2 garlic cloves, minced
3/4 cup chicken stock (author uses homemade)
1/2 teasp. salt
1/2 teasp. thyme
1/4 teasp. ground allspice
1 bay leaf
2 Tablespoons fresh bread crumbs (author use dry)

From Chowhound

Bleagh- they use pork! Not my fave at all. I instead love my vegetarian tourtière. It's still comfort food. It's still Canadian. Why, I'll top that pie with some boiled maple syrup and honey for a glaze! Why not? Yum!

Bye for now!


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